Whether you are doing it yourself, or have hired a professional to do it for you, installing adequate drainage is absolutely vital when landscaping. Going it alone can be fun and full of learning, but you need to be aware of why drainage is important and have a plan in place. Not doing so can cause some serious long-term problems – not least of which is the damage that can happen to your home!
When Drainage is No Good
After rain falls from the sky, it has to go somewhere. As rain splashes down on our pavements, roads, and roofs, it runs off to other areas. This water runoff needs to be controlled, otherwise the water can pool and cause plenty of issues down the road. When it comes to a garden, rainwater runoff is largely controlled through a drainage system that is typically installed underground.
So, what happens when there is inadequate drainage or no drainage system in place at all? Consider the following:
- Pooling: If water has nowhere to go, it tends to pool. The garden can become waterlogged and muddy, and water can also pool on concrete, pavers, and walkways, causing other problems.
- Hazards: If water is left to pool, especially during the winter months, it can be a slipping hazard for anyone running or walking on it. The last thing you want is to slip on pooled water that has turned to ice!
- Pests: Pooled water, if left for long enough, will become stagnant. This is not only smelly, but is also a breeding ground for pests like mosquitoes during certain times of the year.
- Damage: When water pools in garden beds, on lawns, and on concrete and other surfaces, it can cause damage. Lawns and garden beds can become muddy and difficult to maintain, and concrete and paving stones can be damaged, causing cracks or holes to start to appear.
Modern Drainage Systems
Fortunately, there are many drainage options. In fact, if your drainage is underground, you can find a wide range of great supplies here. Given the environmental concerns that many people now have, there are also pumping stations and rainwater harvesting devices available that will allow you to recycle rain rather than let it run off. This provides the following benefits:
- Cost savings: Imagine being able to harvest all of the rainwater during the cold months of the year? You can wash with it, use it as toilet water, and even filter it for use as drinking water with the right equipment. This is all water that you don’t have to pay for!
- Environmental: By harvesting rainwater and recycling it for further use, you also help the local environment. This also takes the pressure off of local infrastructure.
Drainage is a key component of directing rainwater runoff. Without adequate drainage systems in place, water can pool, and thus cause damage, become a home for pests, and form a physical hazard. The wide range of drainage supplies available at leading shops are more than enough to ensure that every size garden can be catered to.